What are Trigger Point Injections?

Small, tender knots can form in the muscles or in the fascia, or the soft connective tissues that surround muscles and organs, and can cause pain and discomfort. Trigger point injections, or TPIs, are intra-muscular injections into muscles sites that are contributing to your pain. TPIs temporarily numb and relax your muscle sites, increasing blood flow and allowing you to stretch these muscles more effectively. This outpatient procedure can reduce or relieve the pain of trigger points in just a few minutes.

What Can Trigger Point Injections be Used to Treat?

Trigger points are focal areas of spasm and inflammation in the muscle. They often occur in the upper back, shoulder areas, and lower back and can cause tense pain and headaches. TPIs can be used to help treat a variety of conditions that affect the musculoskeletal system, such as fibromyalgia (when myofascial trigger points are present), tension headaches, and myofascial pain syndrome.


What to Expect from a Trigger Point Injection Procedure

Once a member of our medical staff decides that trigger point injections are right for your body, you will be positioned comfortably. One of our physicians will then identify the trigger point by gently pressing and pinching the skin. Once the trigger point has been identified, a topical anesthetic may be used to temporarily numb the skin before the physician inserts a needle through the skin and into the trigger point, causing it to relax. If the trigger point does not completely relax after the first injection, additional injections may be administered.


After the injections are complete, you will be asked to stretch and move the muscle that was causing you discomfort. This is to ensure the trigger point injections helped relieve your pain. The most common side effect with this minimally invasive treatment is tenderness at the injection site. Rare side effects include infection and bleeding. To reap maximum benefit, it is advised that you attend physical therapy or partake in at home stretching exercises. For more information on how to properly stretch your muscles, be sure to ask your physician.


What Medications May be in a Trigger Point Injection?

Depending on your pain, the medication inside a trigger point injection widely varies from patient to patient. Sometimes, the injection is an anesthetic such as lidocaine (Xylocaine) or bupivacaine (Marcaine). Other times, it is a mixture of anesthetics or a corticosteroid (cortisone medication) alone or mixed with lidocaine. In some occasions, the dry needling technique is used. This means that a needle with no medication is inserted to inactivate the trigger point and relieve your pain.


Schedule a Consultation for Your Pain

If you are suffering from chronic pain, you do not have to live your life in long-lasting discomfort. Request an appointment with Premier Pain Centers today! Our center ranks among the most comprehensive centers for treatment of acute and chronic pain. We will create an individualized plan to help produce dramatic results to manage your pain without the need for major surgery. Let us help you live your life pain free!